The common cold (also known simply as a cold) is a mild disease caused by nearly 200 viruses. It is more common in autumn and winter. Runny nose, sore throat and tiredness are the main symptoms. The incubation period is 24 – 72 hours. It is usually lasts a week but may last longer in children. The common cold causes children to miss school and adults to miss work. It is seen 6-10 times a year in children and 2-4 times in adults. The reason why it is common in children and the recovery process lasts long is due to the frequent contact with other children in schools. They are constantly infecting each other with viruses in public places like school.
What are the specific symptoms of the common cold?
- Runny nose is common
- Sneezing is common
- Sore throat is common. It is usually the first symptom
- Slow onset
- Fever is rare
- Cough is less common
- Headaches are rare and mild
What should we do to avoid the common cold?
- Wash hands frequently
- Avoid touching hands to nose and eyes
- Frequently air out your environment
- Do not smoke and avoid being in smoking environments
If you have a cold, there are options to treat it naturally.
The best home remedies for cold
- Honey and Lemon Tea
Add 2 teaspoons of honey and juice from half of a lemon to a glass of hot water and drink it. This can relieve painful swallowing and sore throat
- Basil Tea
Add 2 teaspoons of dried basil to a cup of water and slice half an apple into the mixture. Boil for 5 minutes.
Strain the tea. Mix with honey and ginger powder and drink it. If you drink this tea throughout the day, you will see that your cough is minimized. It is also relaxes the intestines and prevents bad breath.
- Vitamin C
Foods such as parsley, arugula, cauliflower, spinach, orange, lemon, tangerine, rose hips contain high vitamin C. Vitamin C is one of the most powerful antioxidants and has an important role in removing harmful bacteria from the body. Eating fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C is beneficial if you have a cold.
- Sumac Spice
Mix a teaspoon of sumac spice into a bowl of yogurt and eat it or add sumac spice to your salads. These recipes increases the body’s resistance and destroys germs. It also has a delicious flavor.
- Black Pepper Tea
Add half a teaspoon of black pepper to half a glass of hot water and drink it. This will induce sweating, which can kill germs in your body. Not recommended for those with ulcer-like stomach problems.
Crush a clove of garlic. Add two teaspoons of lemon juice and a teaspoon of honey and eat a spoonful of this mixture every day. Garlic, which has antibacterial properties and natural antibiotic properties, is also very successful in eliminating the symptoms of cold.
Add a tablespoon of cinnamon powder to a glass of hot water. Add two dried cloves and wait for 15 minutes. If you want it to be a more effective cold killer, don’t forget to add honey. You can drink the tea you have prepared up to maximum of three times a day. Cinnamon should be consumed to eliminate the cold. It will also be good for sore throat and dryness.
- Echinacea Tea
Scientific research shows that echinacea keeps the immune system strong, healthy and protects against colds. Studies have shown that echinacea extract works against the enzyme called Hyaluronidase, which removes the body’s defenses against diseases. For all these reasons, we recommend that you consume echinacea tea not only after catching a cold, but also as a preservative before catching it.
- Onion Cure
Peel a brown-shelled Onion and put it in 2 glasses of water and boil for five minutes. Then let it sit, strain and drink. Onion has antibiotic, antiseptic, antimicrobial, antibacterial properties. It helps you avoid diseases and infections. It reduces high fever, flu, cough and allergies.
- Linden Tea
Put linden, ginger, clove, cinnamon, and water in a teapot and boil it. Depending on the number of people who will drink this tea, you can put more or less ingredients in it. If you wish, you can add lemon and honey in it.
- Elderberry Tea
Elderberry is an herb that has been used to treat flu and colds for centuries. The viburnic acid in its content helps to sweat and detoxify body tissues. Elderberry, which has an antipyretic and blood cleansing effect, can be boiled with mint and sweetened with honey. You can sleep well with this tea before going to bed.