What are the 10 Signs of Eye Sight Problems In a Child?
Do you suspect an eye sight problem in your child? Does your child often blink or rub his/her eyes? Your child may have problems with their eye health. Here are some common behaviors and complaints in children that point to possible eye problems.
The development of the sense of vision, in humans, begins at birth and continues until the age of 8-10 years. Any problem that occurs and affects the development of the vision can cause irreversible vision issues. Many diseases such as refractive errors, strabismus, congenital cataracts, glaucoma, eye trauma and eye tumors can cause permanent vision loss in children.
Let’s examine some of the symptoms one by one, and if one of the symptoms is familiar to you, it may mean you need support from the nearest eye care facility.
10 Signs of Eye Sight Problems In a Child
1. Frequent Blinking
What families often interpret as a ‘tic/reflex’ that will pass on its own can actually have a completely different cause. A child who blinks frequently and heavily may actually be suffering from an eye disease.
2. Sensitivity to Light
While a child with eye discomfort and dry eye due to allergies is very uncomfortable in a brightly lit environment, excessive watering may occur in his eyes. Because of his/her sensitivity to light, he/she can squint eyes. This sensitivity can be indicative of underlying eye health issues.
3. Turning Head in one Direction
Pay attention if your child has a constant need to turn his/her head in one direction at school while looking at the board, while reading, or watching television. Because the need to constantly turn his/her head in one direction is caused by the need to compensate for eye movement limitation or the tendency to look out of the eye that he/she sees better from.
Headaches can have many causes. However, one cause can be eye problems. For example, at school, the child develops a headache as a result of constant strain to see the blackboard and focus on writing.
5. Keeping One Eye Closed
In outwardly latent strabismus, especially on sunny days, the child has to close one eye in order to see. Hand-eye coordination may decrease in children whose depth sensation development is affected due to strabismus. If strabismus has just started, imbalance in child’s gait can be seen.
6. Serious Eye Strain
The child in need of glasses squints and strains their eyes to try to clarify the image. Although he/she can do this for a while, the child gets tired and cannot continue for long. This situation can be remedied by getting the child glasses.
7. Touching Eyes Often
Dust, pollen, and other irritants flying in the air in crowded environments negatively affect the eyes. But if your child has frequent contact with her/his eyes, even when not exposed to any irritants, or long after exposure, the reason should be investigated with an eye examination.
8. Squinting or Rubbing Eyes
In order to reduce the itching caused by allergies or to clarify the image because of not being able to see clearly, the child needs to squint and rub his/her eyes. For this reason, it is very important that teachers watch children closely and inform the family when necessary.
9. Finger Tracking While Reading
Looking too closely while reading or writing, or constantly finger tracking are among the symptoms that indicate a possible eye problem. In children with mild inward orientation (convergence insufficiency), when they look closer, sometimes outward deflection occurs. This means they cannot follow the line or word they have read. Difficulty in tasks that require hand-eye coordination, such as throwing a ball, tying shoes or button-fastening while playing games, may also be caused by a possible eye problem.
10. Lack of Interest in Hobbies
Children who need glasses try to focus by using their forehead and intraocular muscles to clarify the image. This can cause the child tremendous strain, and therefore, after a while, the child’s interest and willingness to partake in activities decreases and this causes him/her to fail.